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Cloud Computing Architecture: What Is It?

by | Dec 2, 2020 | Cloud

When you begin considering the process of migrating to the cloud, you’ll likely hear a lot of talk about cloud computing architecture. Cloud computing can be described simply as using the internet (or the cloud) to access servers, for data storage, and to access software. 

The cloud computing architecture encompasses all of the components needed for cloud computing as well as their relationships with one another in terms of function. 

While this description of cloud computing architecture is simple, we’d like to dig further into this topic and help you better understand the various components involved in cloud computing

Benefits of Cloud Computing Architecture

Adopting cloud computing in your business can bring about many benefits. When you choose to utilize cloud computing, you will notice increased speed and accessibility to your data. 

Additionally, cloud computing can cut costs by relieving your IT department of some of the workload caused by maintenance issues and by facilitating the use of shared components. 

The cloud also offers business owners more flexibility when it comes to scalability. You can increase or decrease your computing capacity by simply changing your monthly plan. 

Backup and disaster recovery is attainable and more manageable when using cloud services because you have the option to access off-site servers at a fraction of the cost of storing your backups onsite. When data is stored off-site, disasters that affect your area won’t affect your ability to continue operations or access the last backup point. 

Finally, cloud computing can encourage telecommuting which can allow you to hire talent from all over the world, improve employee happiness, and help save your business money when it comes to travel expenses. 

Cloud Architecture: The Services and Their Functions

Typically, cloud computing architecture can be broken down into three main components: Infrastructure, Platform, and Software. Each of these pieces of the cloud computing architecture puzzle builds upon the other and offers certain functions. 

Typically, these components are listed as Infrastructure as a Service (Iaas), Platform as a Service (PaaS), and Software as a Service (SaaS). 

Infrastructure as a Service is the basic level of cloud computing. It provides all of the hardware needed for cloud computing such as hardware, servers, data center space, and network components. In some cases, IaaS may also encompass software to access these components. 

IaaS acts as your outsourced, off-site data center and is usually covered by monthly payments. 

Platform as a Service is a model of cloud computing that gives users the ability to build software and applications. It allows developers to focus on their main task (building software) instead of handling software updates, data storage, and infrastructure. 

Software as a Service is what most small businesses use. SaaS is the outward-facing software and apps that users see. Software as a Service is hosted by a provider that handles the maintenance and updates for a monthly subscription fee. 

SaaS is accessible by any authorized user on any device given that there is access to the internet.

Choosing the right cloud service model for your business is made easier with the help of a cloud architect. Cloud architects should be familiar with each of these models of computing and may recommend using a combination of them. 

Private, Public, and Hybrid Cloud Computing

Depending on the type of cloud model you use, you may have a choice between private, public, and hybrid cloud storage. 

Public clouds are owned and operated by a third-party provider. The resources of a public cloud are shared with other organizations who also pay for access, ultimately reducing the cost of using these services. Using a public cloud allows your business more scalability and reliability. It also eliminates the need for maintenance and reduces the need for on-site data storage space. 

A private cloud is a cloud used only by a single organization; it may be located on-site or hosted by a third-party provider. Using a private cloud gives you more control over how resources are used and customized to your organization’s needs. Private clouds and their infrastructure are maintained on a private network, increasing privacy. 

The use of a hybrid cloud is the combination of using an on premise component along with public and/or private clouds. Hybrid clouds allow companies to move their most sensitive data to their private cloud while allowing less sensitive data to remain accessible to authorized employees. This type of cloud computing helps to reduce costs while improving overall data security.  

The Job of a Cloud Architect 

In order to choose between Infrastructure as a Service, Platform as a Service, and Software as a Service as well as for deciding between public, private, and hybrid cloud computing, you should seek the expertise of a cloud architect

Cloud architects can help you develop your company’s overall IT strategy while accounting for your future business initiatives. They also work to ensure that your chosen technology systems are a good fit for scalability purposes. 

Because cloud computing can be so complex, cloud architects are tasked with managing cloud adoption plans, your cloud resources, and monitoring high-risk issues. Cloud architects are essential for the smooth migration from your existing computing infrastructure to the cloud and can help minimize any problems that may occur. 

Finding the Right Cloud Architecture for Your Business

Attempting to choose the best cloud architecture for your business without having the help of a professional can be a recipe for disaster. At Spot Migration, we offer a range of cloud services and can help you choose the right cloud architecture for your needs. 

Once we analyze your business and determine the suitable options, we will present them to you, helping to weigh the pros and cons of each. 

From there, we will work to migrate your data to the cloud and implement your chosen cloud architecture, allowing you to focus on the more important aspects of your business, like profits, sales, and growth.

If you would like to know how cloud computing architecture can benefit your business and how Spot Migration can assist with this process, book a call with us.

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